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Družboslovne Razprave 93 (XXXVI)
The dominant epistemology for studying racism and critical potential of historically forgotten epistemologies
Družboslovne Razprave 93, pages 7-32
The rise of racist phenomena both globally and locally is perceived ever more as a crucial issue in the present socio-political context. This has led to the substantial growth of intellectual considerations on the phenomena, even in local contexts where racisms have rarely been analysed. The article critically analyses the central issues of the dominant epistemology of most existing research and reductionist understandings of racisms, their historical developments and persistence in liberaldemocratic capitalistic societies organised as nation states. By reflecting on the genesis and fundamental coordinates of the dominant epistemology and utilising the insights of alternative epistemologies, a framework is established for a more nuanced understanding of racisms that mirrors the complexity of these phenomena.
Measuring Gerotranscendence in Slovenia – a revision of the measurement tool
Družboslovne Razprave 93, pages 33-56
This paper is based on a methodological study with which we tested and adapted the tool for measuring Gerotranscendence in Slovenia. The original scale with 25 items was developed by Lars Tornstam, PhD. First, the scale was translated into Slovenian and adapted to the cultural setting. This translation was pre-tested with 14 cognitive interviews. The results showed that nine items were problematic. The aim of this paper is to point out important differences in the understanding of these nine items and suggest more appropriate translations on the basis of the cognitive interviews. While describing the process, the paper illustrates the significance of pre-testing survey questionnaires.
Moral Pragmatism in Managers’ Ethical Decision-Making
Družboslovne Razprave 93, pages 57-86
The ethical decision-making of managers based on ethical approaches has not been yet researched in Slovenia. The purpose of the study was to find out which basic normative ethical approaches managers use in different circumstances and which personal and organizational variables influence their choices. Moreover, the virtue ethics is included as a normative ethical approach, not as an independent variable. Based on analysis of vignettes among a sample of 166 managers, the research shows that in personal and business life virtue ethics is the dominant ethical approach, while deontology is the prevailing one for general ethical dilemmas. Only a limited number of independent variables influence managers’ choice of ethical approach. We conclude that moral pragmatism is the answer for the ethical decision-making of managers.
Razlike med spoloma v zdravju zaposlenih v Sloveniji: vloga intenzitete dela, organizacijske zavezanosti in mobinga
Družboslovne Razprave 93, pages 87-107
Namen študije je raziskati razlike v učinkovanju intenzitete dela, organizacijske zavezanosti in mobinga na zdravje zaposlenih žensk in moških v Sloveniji. Statistično analiziramo podatke na podvzorcu delavcev (n = 589) iz na reprezentativnem vzorcu prebivalcev Slovenije izvedene raziskave Slovensko javno mnenje. Študija ugotavlja, da imajo moški boljšo samooceno lastnega zdravja in nižjo stopnjo absentizma kot ženske. Zdravje žensk je signifikantno negativno povezano z intenziteto dela, zdravje moških pa z mobingom. Čustvena organizacijska zavezanost je pozitivno povezana z zdravjem vseh, normativna pa negativno le z zdravjem žensk. Raziskava prispeva k teoriji spola in zdravja. Zdravje obravnava kot biološki in tudi družbeni fenomen, ki ga ne smemo posploševati, temveč ga moramo interpretirati v časovnem in družbenem kontekstu.